8 Types of Roof Damage Every Homeowner Should Know

The average roof lasts about 20 to 25 years before it needs replacing. However, a lot can happen over two decades, and many roofs need repairs during that time due to storms, normal wear and tear, or other problems. 

As trusted roofers in Louisville, KY, 44 Roofing & Construction offers local expertise in identifying and managing roof problems. With that in mind, here are eight common types of roof damage every homeowner should know about. 

Identifying Roof Damage Prevents More Serious Problems 

No homeowner ever wants to discover roof damage, but learning the signs of common problems can help you spot trouble early on before it causes more widespread and expensive issues. In some cases, catching damage right away can make the difference between needing a roof repair and needing to invest in an entirely new roof. 

Keep in mind that while identifying some types of roof damage is easy — like leaks that require catching rainwater in the bedroom every time it rains — some damage is less easy to spot. For example, hair damage may not be visible from ground level, so it’s worth arranging a professional inspection after severe weather events to ensure the roof didn’t sustain extensive hidden damage. 

The Most Common Types of Roof Damage Louisville Homeowners Face 

Not all roofs have problems, and some last for decades without any issues whatsoever. However, homeowners often need help dealing with the following types of roof damage: 

1. Age-Related Wear and Tear 

Time will eventually take its toll on any roof, and in most cases, age-related wear and tear means a roof replacement is in order. Even the highest quality roofing materials have a limited lifespan and will eventually start to deteriorate. The older the roof, the more vulnerable it is to more severe damage, so if your records indicate that the roof is nearing the 20-year mark, it’s time to start thinking about a replacement, even if you don't have any urgent issues. 

2. Structural Damage 

Structural damage usually occurs in tandem with other problems, like water damage, as it indicates a failure in that element of the structural components within the roof. Sometimes, structural damage is obvious, such as when a tree falls on your home and puts a hole in the roof. Sometimes, however, it occurs over time such as a water leak that leads to rot. 

If you see that the roof is sagging or looks bent or bowed, that’s a sign of a structural issue that needs attention.

3. Leaks and Water Damage 

Leaks and water damage are among the most common types of roof damage and can come from a long list of problems, ranging from poor installation to storm damage. Regardless of the cause, water infiltrating your roof is never a good thing, and even a small crack in the roof decking or missing shingle can allow water inside. This can result in widespread water damage throughout your home, like dark spots on ceilings and walls, mold infestations, and rot. 

If you see signs of a roof leak, even if it’s not clear where the water is coming from, call a roofer for help. 

4. Flashing Damage 

Damage to roof flashing is a common cause of roof leaks. Flashing are the pieces of metal that seals connection points on the roof, such as around the chimney, to keep water and debris out. If the flashing tears or detaches from the roof, it’s easy for water to infiltrate the roof and cause damage. 

5. Shingle Damage 

If you have an asphalt shingle roof, damage to the shingles can leave the rest of the structure vulnerable to problems. Shingles are the roof’s first line of defense against the elements, but as they get older, they can curl, crack, and break; strong winds, for example, can pull up the edges of shingles and cause them to blow off or bend and crack under pressure.

Some of the most common signs of shingle damage are shingles (or pieces of shingles) in your yard, granules in the gutters or at the base of the downspout, and missing shingles on the roof. Shingles can also sustain damage if they are under a shady tree or if you don’t clean the gutters frequently enough. When shingles remain wet, they are vulnerable to moss, mold, and fungi, which can get under the shingles and damage the roof decking underneath. 

6. Wind Damage 

Wind contributes to several types of roof damage, including shingle and flashing problems. If you have any loose shingles, for example, a strong wind gust can pull them right off the roof. 

Wind also creates the risk of flying debris, which can hit the roof and puncture it. However, most wind damage affects the shingles and is easy to fix when addressed quickly.

7. Hail Damage 

Hail storms can do significant damage in almost no time and often without warning. The balls of ice hurtling toward the roof can dent shingles, flashing, and gutters, cause cracks in the roof deck, and scratch the UV protection off the shingles, leaving the roof at risk for faster deterioration and other damage. 

8. UV and Heat Damage 

Constant exposure to the sun’s UV rays and high heat can cause roofing shingles to bubble, crack, or warp. The problem is even worse if your roof lacks proper ventilation and the attic gets too hot. Eventually, this heat-related deterioration can create a leak.

Contact 44 Roofing at the First Signs of Roof Damage 

Signs of roof damage, no matter how small they seem, aren’t something homeowners can ignore. Many types of roof damage only require minor repairs, especially if the rest of the roof is still in good condition, but allowing the damage to spread will mean a roof replacement is in your future.        When you have roof problems, get help from the experts at 44 Roofing & Construction. The roof repair experts in Louisville, Kentucky, will find the source of the problem and the best, most affordable solution to ensure you have a sturdy and reliable roof.

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